[1] This definition is more explicit than that set out in the Scottish legislation or that of the Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice (below), because it describes the inequalities associated with climate change, and provides more guidance on how they should be tackled.

“Climate justice links human rights and development to achieve a human-centred approach, safeguarding the rights of the most vulnerable people and sharing the burdens and benefits of climate change and its impacts equitably and fairly. Climate justice is informed by science, responds to science and acknowledges the need for equitable stewardship of the world’s resources.”

[1] Obviously, the global average figure remained at 6.2 tCO2e per capita. See Tables 1 and 3 of Chancel, L. and Piketty, T. (2015) Carbon and inequality: From Kyoto to Paris

Trends in the global inequality of carbon emissions (1998-2013) & prospects for an equitable adaptation fund WID.world WORKING PAPER SERIES N° 2015/7


[1] See: Doyle, G. (2019a) The Heat Is On: The Capacities Required for the Establishment and Sustainability of Community-Owned Renewable Energy District Heating Systems in Ireland UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Social and Solidarity Economy https://knowledgehub.unsse.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/87_Doyle_Implementing-the-SDGs_En-.pdf ;

Doyle, G. (2019b)A new era for reuse social enterprises in Ireland? The capacities required for achieving sustainability’ Resources, Conservation & Recycling 149, 65–74;

Doyle, G. (2020  Social Enterprise and Sustainability: Key factors that lead to the successful establishment of sustainable development initiatives in Ireland Ph.D. Thesis, Technological University Dublin.


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